Libertarians generally support private unions, and oppose public unions.
The libertarian position on private unions is generally supportive, as libertarians believe that individuals should have the freedom to voluntarily associate and form organizations to advance their common interests, including the interest of collective bargaining.
Libertarians argue that private sector unions can play a valuable role in negotiating with employers for better wages, benefits, and working conditions, as well as in representing the interests of workers in disputes with management. Libertarians support the right of individuals to engage in collective bargaining and to form or join unions as they see fit, without coercion or interference from the government.
However, libertarians also believe that employers should have the freedom to negotiate with employees individually or to form their own associations and bargaining units, without being compelled to recognize or bargain with any particular union. Libertarians believe that market forces and competition can help ensure that workers are able to negotiate fair wages and conditions, without the need for government intervention or mandatory unionization.
Overall, the libertarian position on private unions is to support individual freedom and voluntary association, and to oppose any policies or institutions that limit these principles. While there may be disagreements among libertarians on the specifics of private sector union policy, the general libertarian position is to promote the right of individuals to associate and negotiate freely, without government interference or coercion.
The libertarian position on public unions is generally opposed, as libertarians believe that public sector unions can have a negative impact on individual freedom, taxpayer costs, and government efficiency.
Libertarians argue that public sector unions, which represent government employees such as teachers, police officers, and firefighters, can create a conflict of interest between union interests and the public interest. Public sector unions can negotiate for higher wages, benefits, and job security for their members, which can lead to higher costs for taxpayers and limit the government's ability to make necessary reforms.
Furthermore, libertarians argue that public sector unions can hinder government efficiency by limiting the ability of elected officials and managers to make decisions about hiring, firing, and promotions based on merit and performance. Public sector unions can also create a culture of entitlement and resistance to change that can make it difficult to implement necessary reforms or reduce government spending.
Overall, the libertarian position on public unions is to support individual freedom, limited government, and free markets, and to oppose any policies or institutions that limit these principles. While there may be disagreements among libertarians on the specifics of public sector union policy, the general libertarian position is to promote individual choice and market-based solutions rather than government-mandated collective bargaining.